Cancer is the second most common cause of death in India after Cardiovascular Diseases. One woman dies of cervical cancer every 8 minutes in India. Over 7 lakh new cancer patients are registered every year. Currently around 2.5 million Indians are suffering from cancer according to NICPR, 5,56,400 lives have been claimed by cancer.
There are more than 100 types of cancers out of which breast, cervical, oral, lung and colorectal cancers are the most prevalent. Most of the cancers occur due to tobacco and alcohol consumption. In contrast to popular belief, cancer is preventable.
Most of the cancer causes can be prevented by lifestyle changes. It can be cured by early detection. Some of the lifestyle changes can be as follows:
A balanced diet including fresh fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of cancer and many other diseases. Avoiding fried, sugary and processed foods can reduce the risk of cancer.
Alcohol and Tobacco consumption:
The risk of occurrence of Lung, Liver, Kidney, Breast and colon cancer increases with the increase of amount of alcohol consumption and duration of alcohol consumption. It is best to avoid alcohol altogether.
Maintaining healthy body weight:
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of cancer. Maintaining a healthy body weight also helps in reducing the risk of cancer.
Certain viral infections can lead to cancer. Human Papilloma Virus is a sexually transmitted disease which can lead to genital cancers like cervical cancer. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C also increase the risk of liver cancer. HIV/AIDS can also lead to liver or genital cancers. Hence, safe sex is important to avoid the risk of cancer.
Regularly checking for symptoms of cancer through tests or self-examination can lead to early detection of cancer and increases the chance of curable treatment.
Cancer awareness is very important for early detection of its symptoms. Being aware and alert about cancer will help us save ourselves from the clutches of the deadly disease.